Peace Agreement Karabakh

The agreement («The declaration of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia and the President of the Russian Federation») stipulates that the agreement provided that they were sent to the Lachin Corridor for a period of five years, thus justifying Russia`s role as peacemaker in the region for the foreseeable future. Aliyev also claimed that Turkish peacekeeping forces were deployed as part of the agreement, although no details have been released. Following the signing of the agreement and the sending of Russian peacekeeping forces, a memorandum was signed by the Russian and Turkish defence ministers regarding the creation of a joint Russian-Turkish observatory in Azerbaijan. [44] Russia insisted, however, that Turkey`s participation would be limited to operating on Azerbaijani soil from the Observatory and that Turkish peacekeeping forces would not go to Nagorno-Karabakh. [44] [45] «Personally, I have made a very tough decision for myself and for all of us,» Pachinjan said in a statement posted online, calling the ceasefire conditions «incredibly painful for me and our people.» In a video address, Aliyev mocked Pachinjan and said he had signed the agreement because of his «iron fist.» On Tuesday, news images showed peacekeepers from the 15th Russian Motorized Rifle Brigade skidding military aircraft from Russia and then left the Armenian city of Goris for military transport to Nagorno-Karabakh. Already on Tuesday, there were signs that both sides had opposed the peace treaty. Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said Russian and Turkish peacekeepers would be sent to Nagorno-Karabakh, which shocked many Armenians. Russia intervened quickly, stressing that Turkey was not an official partner in the peace agreement. For six weeks, Armenia and Azerbaijan have waged a fierce war on its doorstep for disputed areas in and around the separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, mainly inhabited by ethnic Armenians. On 10 November, a peace agreement brokered by Russia ceded several regions to Azerbaijan: part of Nagorno-Karabakh itself and three regions around Azerbaijan. The region was already considered part of Azerbaijan under international law, but it has been de facto under Armenian control since the fighting of the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Turkey will also participate in the peace process, said the Azerbaijani president, who joined President Putin in his speech. As of 10 November 2020, Russian troops and armaments, which were to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement, are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

[41] The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement. [42] On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, which had entered Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region. [43] Under the new peace agreement, both sides will now retain positions in the territories they currently occupy, which will represent a significant gain for Azerbaijan, which has regained more than 15 to 20 percent of its territory lost in the recent conflict, AFP reported. The mission is probably Russia`s largest intervention in the region since the war in Georgia in 2008. Russia had opposed a peacekeeping role for weeks, until it was clear that Azerbaijan was threatening to conquer the whole of Nagorno-Karabakh. The agreement leaves a cloud of insecurity over parts of Nagorno-Karabakh, which remain managed by local Armenian ethnic authorities, including the capital of the Stepanakert enclave, whose main route to Armenia is under Azerbaijani control and monitored by Russian peacekeepers.